Genes of Interest: NBPF3, MTHFR, SLC19A1
The genes NBPF3, MTHFR, and SLC19A1 play a crucial role in regulating our levels of B vitamins, which are essential for overall health and well-being, including eye health. B vitamins are involved in a range of processes in the body, including DNA synthesis, energy production, and the maintenance of a healthy nervous system.
Studies have shown that variations in the NBPF3 gene can impact the levels of vitamin B6 in the body. Vitamin B6 is involved in the formation of the neurotransmitter serotonin, which helps regulate mood, and is also involved in the production of red blood cells.
The MTHFR gene is involved in the metabolism of folate, also known as vitamin B9. Folate plays a crucial role in DNA synthesis and the prevention of birth defects. Variations in the MTHFR gene have been linked to an increased risk of folate deficiency, which can lead to a range of health problems.
The SLC19A1 gene is involved in the transport of vitamin B12 into cells, where it is needed for DNA synthesis and the formation of red blood cells. Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to a range of health problems, including anemia and nerve damage.
In conclusion, the genes NBPF3, MTHFR, and SLC19A1 play an important role in regulating our levels of B vitamins and therefore have a significant impact on our overall health and well-being, including eye health.